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The Policy Database is found at the left portion of the Home Page of the Compendium portal. This database houses the uploaded local ordinances and issuances on nutrition.
There are three ways to browse through the database.
- Users can scroll through the database and its pages and browse through all the ordinances. The user can then click the ordinance he/she wishes to view.
- Users can enter a specific keyword for ordinance titles using the “Search Box”. Ordinances with titles containing the keyword will appear in the database.
- Users can use the “Search Tools” provided to narrow down the search according to a specific subject of interest. The following are the search tools available for the user:
- Category – According to policy types namely: 1) Ordinances, 2) Executive Orders, 3) Resolutions
- Author – According to the specific authoring local government unit: 1) Province, 2) City, 3) Municipality
- Tags – According to identified thematic clusters namely: First 1000 Days, First 1000 Days-Specific, Nutrition-supportive, Food Security, Codes, Nutrition Education and Promotion, Program Management, Human Resources, Regulation, and Financing
- Location – According to regional location namely: Regions I, II, III, IV-A, IV-B, V, VI, VII, VIII, IX, X, XI, XII, XIII, BARMM, CAR, NCR
- Year – According to year of adoption
Click the title of the policy of interest to view the Policy Information Page. This page contains details on the author, year of enactment, the thematic cluster, location of the uploaded policy, and the downloadable link to the file. Brief notes on the policy may also be included in the page.
The scanned signed copy of the ordinance can be downloaded from the portal using the “Download” button found on the ordinance page.
Should you want to learn more or have any queries about the uploaded policy, kindly contact the NNC Regional Office that covers the implementing local government unit (LGU). The Regional Office may then link you to the relevant staff from the LGU who could answer queries or provide you further information on the local policy.
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There are five additional special features to be developed for the online portal of the Compendium of Local Ordinances and Issuances on Nutrition.
- First special feature to be included is a “Featured Local Policy of the Month” which shall include a brief narrative with policy analysis of the featured issuance
- Second, new additions to the Compendium portal will be announced in the “Newly-added Local Ordinances and Issuances” section with narratives for each newly-uploaded ordinance that pass the screening process from our regions.
- Third, “Legal Analysis of Ordinances” section will be released and updated quarterly, providing LGUs with a take on sets of ordinances in the Compendium from a legal perspective.
- Fourth, periodically, the Compendium portal will update its “Generic Ordinance Templates” that incorporate the national policies and laws, as well as the innovative features of existing ordinances within similar thematic clusters.
- Fifth, the portal will periodically provide suggestions for updating existing ordinances given new directives and commitments from the national, regional, and international level at the “Updates from the International, Regional, and National Levels” section.
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Does your local government unit have a local ordinance, executive order, or resolution that has facilitated the improvement of the local nutrition program and the achievement of positive nutrition outcomes in your LGU?
Submit your local policies and have them considered to be featured in the online portal of the Compendium of Local Ordinances and Issuances on Nutrition.
What are the requirements?
- Accomplish the Local Policy Submission Form
- Attach a clear copy of the signed local ordinance or issuance
- Send these to the concerned NNC Regional Office within your region.
- Wait to be contacted by the NNC Regional Office for validation and possible clarifications on the submitted local policy.
Contribute now to the knowledge-sharing platform of local government units to scale up local policy development for nutrition in the country!
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The local ordinances and issuances found in the portal are tagged according to Thematic Clusters – ranging from ordinances on the First 1000 Days Program, ordinances on food security, Barangay Nutrition Scholars, and more. A total of 10 major Thematic Clusters can be accessed in the portal, with specific sub-clusters found in several themes. Additional thematic clusters may be added as they emerge.
This clustering allows users to see groups of related ordinances under specific areas of concern in local nutrition programming. The following section describes each of the Thematic Clusters of the Compendium.
First 1000 Days
The First 1000 Days is one of the strategic thrusts of PPAN 2017-2022 to address stunting and other forms of malnutrition. It refers to the period of a child's life, spanning the nine (9) months in the womb starting from conception to the first twenty-four (24) months of life, considered to be the critical window of opportunity to promote health and development and prevent malnutrition and its life-long consequences.
Local governments have pursued the adoption of the RA 11148 – First 1000 Days Law, and the institutionalization of the strategy by enacting ordinances on the First 1000 Days, specifying the package of services and interventions to be provided to those who are nutritionally-at-risk, especially pregnant and lactating women, particularly teenage mothers, women of reproductive age, adolescent girls, and all children who are newly born up to age twenty-four months. Such ordinances also define the coordinating and implementing mechanisms to ensure optimum first 1000 days service delivery within the LGU.
First 1000 Days-Specific
Local governments have enacted ordinances on specific programs that ensure the nutritional wellbeing of mothers and children across the individual life stages of the First 1000 Days of life, from pregnancy, infancy, up to toddlerhood. Ordinances within this thematic cluster aim to ensure quality and coverage of critical interventions in the first 1000 days such as, but not limited to, complete prenatal visits, exclusive breastfeeding, micronutrient supplementation, and dietary supplementation for pregnant women and children 6-23 months old.
Nutrition supportive ordinances are local legislative efforts that aim to address the underlying causes of malnutrition such as insufficient access to health services and an unhealthy environment. Ordinances under this cluster ensure that programs on health, water and sanitation reach the people, particularly the nutritionally-vulnerable groups, subsequently ensuring an enabling environment for the achievement of positive nutrition outcomes.
The cluster on Food Security includes ordinances that ensure that people at all times, have physical, social, and economic access to sufficient, safe, and nutritious food that meets their food preferences and dietary needs for an active and healthy life. Ordinances around food production including household and community food gardens, livelihood, and employment generation in the communities along with similar ordinances are part of this cluster. Many of these projects are considered under the Nutrition-sensitive Program of the PPAN 2017-2022.
Codes have been enacted by local governments to provide a comprehensive guiding reference to various instrumentalities of local government and the constituency on broad development concerns within the LGU such as health, children’s rights and welfare, and gender and development. Nutrition as a multisectoral concern has been built into these various codes which has facilitated effective implementation of nutrition programs, projects, and activities in the LGU.
Nutrition Education and Promotion
Nutrition education and promotion is an important facet of local nutrition programs where constituents are provided with reliable and useful nutrition information that will translate into positive knowledge, attitudes, and practices across target groups. Programs in pursuant of this are institutionalized into ordinances enacted by local governments in recognition of the need to communicate nutrition knowledge in the LGU.
Institutionalization of nutrition programs are pursued through the enactment of ordinances that define the nutrition program, its coverage, components, and the coordinating and implementing mechanisms that will ensure effective local nutrition program management within the LGU. Ordinances within this cluster ensure that program structures are in place and are effectively implemented by the involved offices in the LGU.
Effective local nutrition program management requires a human resource base that is harnessed by the LGU to coordinate and deliver the services to the constituents, with quality and coverage. In this regard, local governments have enacted ordinances that create, organize, as well as compensate the nutrition human resource requirement of the LGU, from nutrition officers, nutritionist-dietitians, and the frontline nutrition workers – the Barangay Nutrition Scholars (BNS).
Various regulatory laws have been passed by the national government that aim to protect the rights of the people to good nutrition and help facilitate the achievement of positive nutrition outcomes among the people. These laws and issuances are adopted and operationalized by local governments through the enactment of local ordinances that respond and adapt the said national policies into the local setting.
Ordinances tagged under Regulation can be further clustered into ordinances on food fortification, salt iodization, healthy foods for schoolchildren, and food safety.
Financing is an important component of effective local nutrition program implementation. There are ordinances enacted by local governments which feature innovative financing strategies, such as taxation, percentage allocations, and supplemental appropriations, to secure budgets for their local nutrition programs.
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The imperative to invest in nutrition is enshrined in the 1989 Philippine Constitution as it mandates the State to defend the right of children to assistance, including proper care and nutrition (Article XV, Section 3), and to make available an integrated and comprehensive approach to health development and other social services (Article XIII, Section 11).
Landmark legislations enacted at the national level provide the legal bases for the implementation of nutrition programs across local governments in the country. These laws recognize the crucial role of nutrition in building a healthy, empowered and resilient Filipino citizenry.
Local Nutrition Program Management
Presidential Decree 491 of 1974 or the Nutrition Act of the Philippines created the National Nutrition Council (NNC) to supervise, coordinate and evaluate the implementation of the national nutrition program which shall be implemented by all agencies and instrumentalities of both the government and the private sector concerned with improving the nutrition of our people. The NNC shall coordinate and integrate policies and programs of all agencies and instrumentalities of the government charged with the prosecution of existing law, policies, rules and regulations concerning nutrition.
Presidential Decree 1569 strengthens the Barangay Nutrition Program by providing for a Barangay Nutrition Scholar (BNS) in every barangay to assist in the coordination and implementation of nutrition programs, projects and activities and the barangay level.
Letter of Instruction 441 of 1976 Instructs various departments of government to address malnutrition. This issuance authorizes the Department of the Interior and Local Government (DILG) to establish functioning nutrition committees at different administrative levels (barangay, municipality, city, province, and region) to coo.
The Local Government Code of 1991 (Republic Act 7160) mandates local government units to exercise their powers and discharge their functions as are necessary and appropriate for the effective provision of basic services including child welfare and nutrition services
The Salt Iodization Law (Republic Act 8172) was enacted to contribute to the elimination of micronutrient malnutrition in the country, particularly iodine deficiency disorders, through the cost-effective preventive measure of salt iodization. The law requires all producers manufacturers of food-grade salt to iodize the salt that they produce, manufacture, import, trade or distribute.
Food Fortification Law (Republic Act 8976) provides for the establishment of the Philippine Food Fortification Programs and its implementing rules, regulation and guidelines. The law targets addressing specific micronutrient deficiencies by mandatory fortification of staple food items such as rice with iron, wheat flour with vitamin A and iron, refined sugar with vitamin A and cooking oil with vitamin A and voluntary fortification of other food items.
Infant and Young Child Feeding
The Philippine Milk Code (Executive Order 51) regulates the marketing of infant milk formula, other milk products, foods and beverages, as well as feeding bottles and teats. Covered entities of the code include milk companies that own and operate the product, including the manufacturers, distributors, marketing firms as well as their representatives.
Rooming-in and Breastfeeding Act (Republic Act 7600) specifies rules and regulations which contain standard procedures to be followed for rooming-in and breastfeeding in all private and government health institutions. The law provides for financial incentives to government and private hospitals who exercise compliance.
Expanded Breastfeeding Promotion Act (Republic Act 10028) requires private enterprises as well as government agencies, including government-owned and controlled corporations, to put up lactation stations. Expenses incurred in pursuant of this will now be deductible expenses (for income tax purposes) that can be up to twice the actual amount incurred. The law requires “lactation periods” for breastfeeding employees, in addition to time-off for meals, to allow them time to express their breast milk, the period being no less than a total of 40 minutes for every eight-hour working period
Expanded Maternity Leave Law (Republic Act 11210) is an act increasing the maternity leave period to one hundred and five (105) days for female workers with pay and an option to extend for an additional thirty (30) days without pay. This also grants extension of fifteen (15) days for solo mothers, and for other purposes such as the protection of women on maternity leave from discrimination, including demotion and layoff.
National Strategies for Nutrition
The Kalusugan at Nutrisyon ng Mag-Nanay Act – First 1000 Days Law (Republic Act 11148) mandates the national agencies, LGUs, civil societies and other stakeholders to develop and implement a comprehensive and sustainable strategy for the first 1,000 days of life to address the health, nutrition, and developmental problems affecting infants, young children, adolescent females, and pregnant and lactating women.
The Universal Health Care Act (Republic Act 11223) emphasized the integrated and comprehensive approach to ensure that all Filipinos are health literate, provided with healthy living conditions, protected from hazards, guaranteed equitable access to quality and affordable health care goods and services, and protected against financial risk through a framework that fosters a whole-of-system-government-society approach in the development, implementation, monitoring and evaluation of health policies, programs, and plans.
National Government Agency Issuances
Member agencies of the National Nutrition Council have contributed to the scaling up of the local nutrition program through their issuance of supportive policies. The policies have been instrumental in further providing the imperative for local governments to invest and implement quality programs in nutrition.
DILG Memorandum Circular 2015-19 directs the LGUs to accomplish and submit a checklist on the determination of the functionality of the local nutrition committee of all LGUs. A list of core indicators, representing key activities on capacity development, program planning, service-delivery, and monitoring and evaluation conducted by the local nutrition committees serve as the basis for determining functionality.
DILG Memorandum Circular 2018-42 provides guidelines on the roles and responsibilities of LGUs in the implementation of the PPAN 2017-2022, including the formulation and/or updating of the local nutrition action plan, integration of applicable PPAN programs in their respective local development plans and annual investment programs, and passage of local policies to support implementation of PPAN.
DILG-DOH-NNC Joint Memorandum Circular No. 2019-0001 enjoins all LGUs and barangays to prepare their budget for FY 2020 and onwards for improved nutrition outcomes, anchored on the list of suggested projects or actions from the PPAN 2017-2022, for implementation at barangay, municipal / city and provincial level.
Local Budget Memorandum No. 77a enjoins all barangays to prioritize in the allocation of local funds for FY 2019 the PPAs included in their respective local nutrition action plans, which should have been formulated in accordance with the PPAN 2017-2022.
Local Budget Memorandum No. 78 states that for FY 2020, the Local Expenditure Program shall contain the Annual Investment Program supported by a set of local plans including the Local Nutrition Action Plan.
Local Budget Memorandum No. 80 enjoins all LGUs to prioritize in the allocation of local funds the PPAs included in their respective Local Nutrition Action Plan (LNAP), which shall be formulated in accordance with the Philippine Plan of Action for Nutrition (PPAN) 2017-2022. LBM No. 80 also includes a new provision requiring the submission of the Barangay Nutrition Action Plan (BNAP), together with the Barangay Expenditure Program.