COPDCOPD, in short for chronic obstructive pulmonary disease, is a set of diseases that impair breathing and obstruct airways. It is the ninth leading cause of mortality in the Philippines which negatively affects the patients' function and quality of life and raises their risk of contracting lung cancer, heart disease, and several other diseases.

People with COPD find it more challenging to perform their typical daily activities as the disease develops, sometimes due to shortness of breath. Here are some easy breathing exercises that will make it simpler for you to breathe in air and manage shortness of breath:

Food SafetyFood safety is the practice of handling, preparing, and storing food in a way that reduces the risk of food-borne illness and injury. As food products travel through the supply chain from farm to factory to fork, they may come into touch with a number of health concerns. In order to reduce these hazards and safeguard customers, safe food handling methods and procedures are followed across the whole food production life cycle.

              Food safety is a scientific topic that depends on a variety of academic disciplines, such as chemistry, microbiology, and engineering. Everywhere food items are obtained, produced, processed, stored, or marketed, these various schools of thought or science come together to assure food processing safety. In this context, the term "food safety" refers to an extensive system of cleanliness and accountability that has an impact on every aspect of the global food industry.

NFF dayExecutive Order 382 declares November 7 as the National Food Fortification Day. The term “Fortification” as defined by Codex Alimentarius, it is the addition of one or more essential nutrients to food, whether or not it is normally contained in the food, for the purpose of preventing or correcting a demonstrated deficiency of one or more nutrients in the population or specific population groups. Henceforth, Republic Act No. 8976 declares that the State shall protect and promote the right of health of the people and instill health consciousness among them. State recognizes that nutritional deficiency problems in the Philippines, based on nutrition surveys, include deficiency in energy, iron, vitamin A, iodine, thiamin and riboflavin. To a minor extent, the Filipino diet is also deficient in ascorbic acid, calcium and folate.

International PWDPeople with disabilities require access to health care and health services just like everyone else. A person with disability does not imply that they are unhealthy or that they cannot be healthy. For all of us, being healthy involves achieving and maintaining good health so that we can live an active life. That entails having the knowledge and resources necessary to choose healthfully and avoid illness. By healthy eating, we can enhance our overall health, sense of wellness, and mental health. It is important to set goals for maintaining a balanced and nutritious diet. Hence, people with disabilities need healthcare that addresses their needs as a full person in order to be healthy. Most people, whether they have impairments or not, can maintain good health if they learn and adopt healthy habits. These seven (7) nutritional advices below can help those differently abled individuals:

MSDMechanical Soft Diet (MSD), also known as the Geriatric Diet or Dental Soft Diet, is a variation of the regular diet, wherein the texture is modified, especially for individuals who are unable to chew or swallow properly. This type of diet can be made through many different cooking processes such as grinding, pureeing, liquefying, chopping, or tender cooking. Other processes may be possible as long as the food items used must have a soft texture and should be easy to swallow. MSD is similar to Soft Diet, but what makes the former different from the latter is that MSD allows the consumption of fried foods, seasonings, spices, and fibrous foods. 

MSD is recommended for individuals experiencing cases such as:

VapingVaping—inhalation of vapor from an electronic cigarette or vapes. Since more public areas have started to forbid smoking as well as the country's tobacco taxes have increased, vaping has grown in popularity among Filipinos, especially among the younger demographic. Around 82 million vape users globally were estimated by the Global State of Tobacco Harm Reduction (GSTHR) in 2021, a 17% rise from 2020. 2.7 million Filipinos, or around 3% of the world's vape users, are among these figures as of 2021. Both the numbers and the number of health conditions linked to vaping continue to rise.

How Does Vape Work?

Most e-cigarettes are made up of four parts: a liquid solution cartridge, a heat source, a power source, and a mouthpiece. The liquid solution, or e-juice, is what creates the vapor, or aerosol, for e- cigarettes. This juice often includes propylene glycol or vegetable glycerin as a basis, along with water, nicotine, flavorings, and nicotine. The heating element is turned on by puffing or pressing a button, which causes the liquid in the cartridge that is intended for human inhalation to vaporize.