One of the most common household injuries especially in children is burn, a type of injury to the skin or tissues caused by heat, cold, chemicals, electricity, radiation or friction. Mostly it is due to heat from hot liquids, solids or fire. Females have the higher risk which is related to open cooking fires or unsafe cook stoves. Other factors are alcoholism, smoking, self-harm or violence between people.
Under Proclamation No. 360, March was declared as Burn Prevention Month by President Corazon C. Aquino on January 23, 1989 for the intensified campaign on burn prevention and to minimize sufferings brought about by burns.
Depending on the degree and cause of the injury, most of the burn victims can recover from burns without serious health consequences while those with severe burn injury require immediate emergency medical care to prevent complications and death.
PREVETION OF ALL DEGREES OF BURNS:
Children and infants are the most vulnerable to burns. Certain jobs may also cause a higher risk and it also happens to home and the following are the preventive measures which can be taken at home:
- Keep children out of the kitchen while cooking
- Place matches and lighters on proper place and away from children’s reach
- Turn pot handles towards the back of the stove
- Electricity cords with exposed wires must be discarded
- Water heater temperature must be keep under 120 degrees Fahrenheit
- Wear gloves when handling chemicals and keep it out properly and out of reach
- Avoid peak sunlight and wear sunscreen protection if necessary
- Cigarettes and other smoking product should be thrown and stubbed out totally
In case of the event of a fire, crawl underneath smoke to minimize the risk of passing out and becoming trapped in a fire.