The National Capital Region (NCR), more commonly referred to as Metropolitan Manila, is the country's premiere urban region and considered t be the political, economic, social and cultural center of the Philippines.

Among the 17 administrative regions, NCR had the second largest population with 11.86 million (2010 census of population, NSO) in an are of 636 square kilometers.

NCR is bordered by the provinces of Bulacan  to the north, Rizal to the east, Cavite to the south-west andLaguna to the south. Manila Bay lies to the west and Laguna de Bay to the south-east.

It is the only region without any province but is instead subdivided into 17 local government units (LGUs) compromising of 16 cities and one municipality. The 16 cities include: Caloocan, Malbon, Navotas, Valenzuela, Quezon City, Marikina, Pasig, Taguig, Makati, Manila, Mandaluyong, San Juan, Pasay, Pranaque, Las Pinas and Muntinlupa. Pateros is the lone municipality in the region. Each of the 16 cities and one municipality in Metro Manila is governed by a Mayor. Of the 17 LGUs, Quezon City has the biggest land area of 161.12 sq. km. constituting one-fourth of the total land area of NCR. The smallest area in the Municipality of Pateros with a total land area of only 2.10 sq. kms.


Manila features  a tropical wet and dry climate that borders on a tropical monsoon climate. Together with the rest of the Philippines, Manila lies entirely within the tropics. Its proximity to the equator means that the temperature range is very small, rarely going lower than 20oC and going higher than 38oC. However, humidity levels are usually very high which makes it feel much warmer. It has a distinct, albeit relatively short dry season from January through April, and relatively lenghty wet season from May through December.


With an annual growth rate of 2.02, the total populaton of NCR as of May 1, 2010 is 11, 855, 975 (NSO Quickstat, NCR, December 2012). The 2010 population is higher by 1.93 million compared to the 2000 population of 9.93 million. The region's population is almost 12.8% of the entire country's population which is 93, 337, 852.

NCR is the smallest among the 17 administrative regions but is the most densely populated. Together with regions III and IV-A, these three comprised more than one third of the country's population.

Table 1. Population for the Philippines and Its Regions, Province and Highly Urbanized Cities, based on 1990, 2000, 2010 Census

Region/Province/HUC May 1, 1990 May 1, 2000 May 1, 2010
Philippines 60, 703, 810 76, 506, 928 92, 337, 852
NCR 7, 948, 392 9, 932, 560 11, 855, 975
City of Malabon 280, 027 338, 855 353, 337
City of Navotas 187, 479 230, 403 249, 131
City of Valenzuela 340, 227 485, 433 575, 356
Caloocan City 763, 415 1, 177, 604 1, 489, 040
City of Marikina 310, 227 391, 170 424, 150
City of Pasig 397, 679 505, 058 669, 773
Pateros 51, 409 57, 407 64, 147
Taguig City 266, 637 467, 375 644, 473
Quezon City 1, 669, 776 2, 173, 831 2, 761, 720
City of Makati 453, 170 471, 379 529, 039
City of Mandaluyong 248, 143 278, 474 328, 699
City of San Juan 126, 854 117, 680 121, 430
City of Manila 1, 601, 234 1, 581, 082 1, 652, 171
City of Las Pinas 297, 102 472, 780 552, 573
City of Muntinlupa 278, 411 379, 310 459, 941
City of Paranaque 308, 236 449, 811 588, 126
Pasay City 368, 366 354, 908 392, 869

Among all the cities and municipality in NCR, Quezon City has the largest population with 2.76 million followed by city of Manila and  Caloocan with 1.65 and 1.48 million. Municipality of Pateros has the smallest population with only 64, 147 residents.

The total population of children aged zero to fourteen (0 - 14) years old based on the 2010 NSO Census reached 3, 432, 903 which is equivalent to 29% of the total population of 11, 796, 783 in Metro Manila.

Figure 1. Popuation of Childreb, 0-14 years old, NCR, 2010 Census

Source: NSO 2010

Figure 2. Child Population in the National Capital Region

Source: Household Population by Age Group and Sex by Province and Highly Urbanized City, NCR, NSO, 2010

The data above illustrate that there are more males  (1, 771, 244) than females (1, 661, 659) in the region. Almost four out of ten children belong to under five age group.


The metropolis has an extensive system of highways connecting the various cities and municipality. The major roads include ten radial roads, which branch out from central Manila and five circumferencial roads which from a series of cencentric semi-conductors arcs around downtown Manila. Most of these roads are very important transportation arteries. One is the C4 (Circumferencial Road 4), also called Epifanio de los Avenue or more popularly as EDSA.

It is the major thoroughfare in Metro Manila connecting five cities in Metro Manila, namely Pasay, Makati, Mandaluyong, Quezon City Caloocan.

Metro Manila is notorious for its traffic jams. A trip that should take 20 minutes will last an hour or more especially during rush hour. Consuquently, the Metro Manila Development Authority has constructed many projects to decongest traffic. There are two different repid transit system in Metro Manila: the Manila Light Rail Transit System, or the LRT, and the Manila Metro Rail Transit System, or the MRT. The Yellow Line (LRT-1) and the Purple Line (LRT-2) from the LRT network, while the Blue line (MRT-3) forms the MRT network. Philippine National Railways (PNR) also operates two main-line railway lines within Metro Manila, all part of the once-flourishing Luzon railway system. The northern line, known as Northrail and connecting Manila to Caloocan City, is currently closed. Line extensions are proposed to Valenzuela City and further on to Bulacan and Pampanga. the trans-metro Manila protion of the still-open southern line, known as Southrail, commences at Tutuban station in Tondo, Manilak, passes through the cities of Manila Makati, Taguig, Paranaque adn Las Pinas, and ends in Barangay Buli, Muntinlupa City, before entering the province of Laguna. Ninoy Aquino International Airport (NAIA), which straddles the bounday between Paranaque City and Pasay City, is the country;s busiest airport. It consists of a domestic terminal and two international terminals. There are two main runways ans the hangar of the Philippine Airlines is located near the Villamor Air Base. NAIA will be closed in favor of the Diosdado Macapagal International Airport in Pampanga, as the major gateway of the Philippines.


Filipino, also Pilipino, is the Tagalog language designated as the national language and one of two official languages of the Philippines. Filipino/Tagalog is the first language of a third of the population of the Philippines, It is centered around Metro Manila but is known almost universally throughout the country.


Based on the 2011 report of DepEd-NCR there are 514 public elementary schools with preschools and 246 high schools. In these schools, there are 53, 033 teachers deployed. There are 1, 873 day care centers all over the region with 144, 070 day care children enrolled.


Metro Manila is the financial, commercial and industrial center of the Philippines. Makati is the largest financial and economic hub of the metropolitan area and the country. regarded as the metropolis' central business district (CBD), it is the base of many Philippines' largest corporations including the Ayala group of Companies, as well as the nation's major banks. The Makati area is built around the former Nielsen Air Base, an American installation during World War IIm and its runways now form the district's main roads, which cross each other at the Makati Triangle, home of the nation's stock exchange. Disserent well-known skyscrapers in Metro Manila are here like PBCom Tower and G. T. International Tower. Foreign corporations also have their main Philippine hubs here.

New developsments seeking to become vibrant centers of their own are Bonifacio Global City in Taguig; Eastwood City in Quezon City; the Manila Bay City Reclamation Area inthe cities of Pasay, Paranaque and Las Pinas; and Alabang Estates, madrigal Business Park, and Fillinvest Corporate City in Muntinlupa. triangle park in Quezon City is the latest addition to the list. Ortigas Center is thesecond most important business district in Metro Manila. Situated in Mandaluyong and Pasig,it is home to the headquarters of several major Philippine companies such as San Miguel Corporation and Meralco, and hosts mani shopping malls and hotels. The Asian Development Bank, also has its headquarters here.

The traditional business center of Chinese-Filipino businessmen and the country's CBD prior to the development of the Makati CBD was the Binondo District in the City of Manila.


Based on the July 2012 NSO Quickstat on NCR, the employment rate in the region is 90.1% with a labor force participation rate of 63.2%. The table below shows that there was a slightly increase in the employment rate in the region from 2010 to 2012, however, 16 out of 100 employed were underemployed.

Table 2. Labor and Employment

Labor and Employment Rate July 2012 Oct 2012 Jul 210
Labor force participation 63.2 63.0 62.5
Employment 90.1 89.1 87.9
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